نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه مدیریت ساخت، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، کرج، البرز
2 گروه مهندسی عمران و مدیریت ساخت، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، البرز
3 گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج ، البرز
عنوان مقاله [English]
There are serious concerns about the environmental risks of industrial states activities affecting the life quality of occupants living in the neighbor cities and areas. This research aims at managing and reducing the environmental effects of pollutants, induced by the activities of industrial states (e.g. Kowsar state), on the life quality of neighbor cities occupants (here: Karaj city). There are currently 59 active industrial units in Kowsar state, that are producing commercial products in various sectors such as: chemical, food, metallic, mineral, cellulosic, and electrical industries. To determine the pollution pattern and influence ranking of its environmental pollutants, the current condition of the state and city were studied. Then, the impacts of its environmental pollutants were examined. To collect the required research data, two questionnaires were designed. The first questionnaire was filled out by experts adopted from construction and environmental engineering sectors, and then analyzed using the Delphi method. This resulted in eliminating the unimportant factors from the questionnaire. Accordingly, the second (refined) questionnaire was created, and again completed by research experts. The new data were analyzed using the WASPAS method. The results showed that the highest impact of the industrial state is on the ‘life quality of its own personnel’. This item was followed by items of ‘life disruption of neighbor occupants’, ‘permeation of malodorous aroma in the area’, ‘spread of noise pollution’, and, ‘release of toxic gases’ respectively. Some recommendations for better managing the problem are presented here.